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Profiling CPU and memory for Go applications is easy and can be of great help in performance troubleshooting, for example, with flamegraphs. For Rust applications, however, the profiling requires extra work. This post explains how to use flamegraphs to visualize performance data of your CPU and memory for Databend.

To support CPU and memory profiling, some APIs need to be included in the application. For example, Databend includes the following in the code:

CPU Profiling

To do a CPU profiling, simply run the following command on the Databend server:

go tool pprof -http="" http://localhost:8080/debug/pprof/profile?seconds=30
  • localhost:8080: Databend management address.
  • pprof server address.
  • seconds=30: Profiling lasts for 30 seconds.

Then open the URL <your-ip>:8081/ui/flamegraph in your browser to view the flamegraph:

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Memory Profiling

Compared to CPU profiling, memory profiling is a bit more involved, and can be done in the following steps:

1. Enable Memory Profiling

cargo build --bin databend-query --release --features memory-profiling

2. Start with MALLOC_CONF

MALLOC_CONF=prof:true,lg_prof_interval:30 ./target/release/databend-query
  • lg_prof_interval:30: Profiles are dumped into a file for each allocation of 1 GiB (2^30 bytes).

3. Replace add2line with a Faster One

This will rocket your jeprof from 30 minutes to 3 seconds.

git clone
cd addr2line
cargo b --examples -r
cp ./target/release/examples/addr2line <your-addr2line-find-with-whereis-addr2line>

4. Upgrade jeprof to the Latest Version

jeprof needs an upgrade because the old version doesn't support some parameters for creating flamegraphs. jeporf is a perl script, so the way to upgrade it is a little bit rough-and-ready.

First, find out the path of your local jeprof file:

whereis jeprof

Open and copy the latest version of jeprof, then overwrite your local copy with the copied script EXCEPT for the following two parameters:

my $JEPROF_VERSION = "5.2.1-0-gea6b3e973b477b8061e0076bb257dbd7f3faa756";
my $PPROF_VERSION = "2.0";

5. Create a Flamegraph

jeprof ./databend-query-main ./jeprof.206330.563.i563.heap --collapse | --reverse --invert --minwidth 3 > heap.svg
  • Download from GitHub.
  • databend-query-main: Path to your executable.
  • jeprof.206330.563.i563.heap: Selects a heap file.

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